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In-depth answers to ACTUAL questions

Here you can find product instructions and recommendations for application and use. You can also read the parameters and technical specifications of the products
1
Guidelines for determining the thickness of TEPLOMIX liquid thermal insulation coatings for use on pipes and equipment
  • Our experience in the thermal insulation of various objects allows us to give an approximate indication of the thickness of the required layer of TEPLOMIX:
Thickness “Teplomix” Anticor, mm Surface temperature, °C
65 80 100 150 200
1 40 58 70 80 100
1,5 45 60 68 80
2 44 60 70
3 45 55
4,5 45
2
Recommendations for determining the thickness of TEPLOMIX Facade liquid thermal insulation coatings
  • To solve the problem of “cold walls” and create comfortable temperatures for living, 1-1.5 mm of Teplomix Façade is usually sufficient;
  • For internal condensation problems, 1.0-1.5 mm is usually sufficient;
  • To solve the problem of freezing of walls, 2.0-3.0 mm is usually sufficient.
3
Consumption of TEPLOMIX liquid thermal insulation depending on application conditions

The consumption of TEPLOMIX insulation coatings is the same for all modifications and depends on a number of factors, among which the application method and surface conditions, weather conditions and a number of other conditions play a leading role.

Basic (laboratory) consumption (i.e. without taking into account surface type and application method) of TEPLOMIX thermal insulation coating is 1 litre per 1 m² with coating thickness of 1 mm. The actual consumption may be increased as a percentage of the following conditions:

  • When applying with a brush to round, curved (pipes) metal surfaces – 3-5%
  • Brush application on vertical concrete surfaces – 3-8%
  • When airless spraying on round, curved (pipes), vertical metal surfaces – 15-25%
  • When applied without airspray on a vertical concrete surface – 10-20%

It should also be noted that overruns are influenced by factors such as – pipeline diameter (in case of application on pipes), surface roughness, method of application on site (climbers, from a cradle, scaffold, etc.), degree of preparation of the painter, weather conditions, etc. When using airless sprayers, we recommend that the instructions for selecting, adjusting and working with airless sprayers are carefully studied before use.

Please note that the instructions for working with liquid thermal insulation coatings of the TEPLOMIX series must be observed.

4
TECHNOLOGICAL INSTRUCTIONS for the application of Teplomix® Facade liquid thermal insulation coating

“Teplomix Façade is a liquid thermal insulation material with a number of special additives that protect the surface from the negative effects of the environment. When water evaporates from the material, a thermal insulation coating with good thermal-physical and physical-mechanical properties is formed.

1 STORAGE AND TRANSPORT

1.1 The material must be stored and transported at a minimum temperature of +50°C in a hermetically sealed container. The material is “afraid” of freezing!

2 CONDITIONS FOR CARRYING OUT PAINTING WORK

2.1 Insulation work on the material can be carried out on surfaces with a temperature of +5°C or more.

2.2 All work with Teplomix Façade should be carried out at an ambient temperature of at least +5°C and a humidity of no more than 65%. The lower the relative humidity, the faster the material dries. The higher the humidity, the longer the drying time.

3 MATERIAL PREPARATION

3.1 Open the bucket with Teplomix® Facade.

3.2WARNING! A peculiarity of this material is that it separates into liquid and solid phases during storage. Therefore, after opening the bucket with the material, it must be thoroughly mixed by gently dipping and lifting the whisk or wooden spatula in the centre and along the walls of the bucket so that the liquid part is mixed with the solid part.

3.3 For thorough mixing you can use a core drill with a spiral nozzle. Stir the contents of the bucket until a homogeneous consistency is obtained with the speed of the rotating blades of the drill not exceeding 150-250 rpm. This is due to the fact that the material contains glass and ceramic microspheres, which may be destroyed if stirred carelessly. Continue stirring until a homogeneous mass without lumps or clumps is formed.

  • It must be mixed thoroughly before use and diluted with water if necessary for application:
  • Up to 5 % when applied by brush or trowel;
  • 5 % to 10 % for airless spraying.

The consistency of the ready-to-use material should resemble the consistency of sour cream. If, however, the material remains sufficiently thick and rolls up into lumps when applied, it is permissible to add a small amount of water.

4 WORK SURFACE PREPARATION

Teplomix Façade is highly adhesive and adheres well to concrete, brick, plastic and wooden surfaces that are operated outdoors.

4.1 The surface must be dry, cleaned of old coatings and dirt before application.

4.2 Wooden surface should be impregnated with water-based antiseptic.

4.3 Plastic surfaces should be sanded (remove gloss) to increase their adhesion to the material.

4.4 It is recommended that a priming material (deep penetrating primer) be applied to the surface to be treated (concrete, brick, plaster) in advance.

4.4.1 Teplomix Façade can also be used for priming. To do this, select a suitable quantity of Teplomix Façade, which has already been thoroughly mixed but not diluted with water. Dilute the material with water at a ratio of 2:1 and mix thoroughly until a homogenous consistency of the material as a primer. The result is Teplomix Façade as a primer, which must first be applied in a single coat to the surface to be treated to improve adhesion. The amount of material is based on the calculation that the consumption of Teplomix Façade as a primer is 0.3 l/m2 at a thickness of 0.2 mm. Then the primer coat must be allowed to dry for at least 2 hours at a temperature of (20±2)°C and a humidity of (65±5)%. At lower temperatures and higher humidity the drying time must be extended.

5 MATERIAL APPLICATION

5.1 Do not apply in rain, fog or frost.

5.2 Teplomix Façade can be applied by brush, trowel or airless spraying.

5.3 One process layer is between (0.5±0.2) mm and (1±0.2) mm depending on the dilution and application method.

5.4 When making a multilayer coating, the drying time between coats should be at least 20 hours at 20ºC. At higher temperatures of (20-40)ºC, the time between coats may be reduced to 10-15 hours.

5.5 The consumption of Teplomix Façade depends on the application method:

with a brush or roller 1 l/m2 at a thickness of (1±0.2) mm;

– with an airless spraying device – 1.1 l/m2 at a layer thickness of (1±0.2) mm.

5.6 Wash tools thoroughly with water after finishing work.

6 DRYING (CURING) CONDITIONS OF THE MATERIAL

At air temperatures below +10 °C and high humidity, up to 80 %, the drying time of the material increases. It is therefore necessary to increase the time between coats in any case. Such measures are taken to allow more moisture to evaporate from the material and for a higher degree of polymerisation to achieve high thermal insulation and performance characteristics.

Drying the applied layer of material with a heated air jet is NOT permitted!

7 SAFETY ENGINEERING

Teplomix Façade is non-flammable and explosion-proof and contains no organic solvents.

In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with water for 15 minutes. If irritation persists, consult a doctor. In case of contact with skin, wash with soap and water. In case of repeated use, wash contaminated clothing.

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TECHNOLOGICAL INSTRUCTIONS for applying liquid thermal insulation coating "Teplomix" Standard

“Teplomix® Standard is a liquid, water-based thermal insulation material.

When water evaporates from the material, it forms an insulating coating with good thermal-physical and physical-mechanical properties.

1 STORAGE AND TRANSPORT 

1.1 The material should be stored and transported at a temperature not lower than +50°C in a hermetically sealed container. The material is not resistant to freezing.

2 CONDITIONS FOR APPLICATION AND MAINTENANCE OF THE INSULATION MATERIAL

2.1 Coating work on the material can be carried out on the surfaces in closed rooms at a temperature of +5 °C.

2.2 It is recommended to apply Teplomix® Standard at indoor temperatures not lower than +5°C and not more than 65% humidity. The lower the relative humidity, the faster the material will cure. The higher the humidity the longer the drying time.

3 MATERIAL PREPARATION

3.1 Open the bucket with Teplomix® Standard.

3.2 Note the peculiarity of this material is that it separates into a liquid and a solid phase during storage. Therefore, after opening the bucket with the material, it must be thoroughly mixed by gently plunging and lifting the wooden spatula in the centre and along the sides of the bucket to ensure that the liquid part is mixed with the solid part.

A spiral drill can be used to mix thoroughly. Mix the contents of the bucket until a homogeneous consistency is obtained, with the speed of the drill blades not exceeding 150-200 rpm. This is due to the fact that the material contains glass microspheres, which may be destroyed if stirred carelessly. Continue stirring until a homogeneous mass without lumps or clumps is formed.

Stir thoroughly before use and, if necessary, dilute with water:
up to 5 % when applying with a brush or roller;
5 % to 10 % when applied with airless spraying equipment.

The consistency of the ready to use material should resemble the consistency of a sour cream. If the product is still too thick and the paste starts to nodularise during application, a little more water should be added.

4 PREPARATION OF THE WORK SURFACE

Teplomix® Standard is highly adhesive and bonds well to concrete, brick, plastic, glass and wooden surfaces.

4.1 The surface must be dry, cleaned of old coatings and dirt before application.

4.2 Wooden surface should be impregnated with water-based antiseptic compositions.

4.3 Plastic surfaces should be sanded (gloss removed) to increase their adhesion to the material.

4.4 Teplomix® Standard can be used as a primer on the surface to be treated. To do this, it is necessary:

4.4.1 Take a suitable quantity of Teplomix® Standard already thoroughly mixed, but not diluted with water.

4.4.2 Dilute the material with water in a ratio of 2:1 and mix thoroughly until a homogenous consistency of the material as a primer is obtained. The result is Teplomix® Standard as a primer that must first be applied in a single coat to the surface to be treated to improve adhesion.

The amount of material taken is based on the assumption that the consumption of Teplomix® Standard as a primer is 0,3 l/m2 at a thickness of 0,2 mm.

4.4.3 The primer coat shall then be allowed to dry for at least 2 hours at a temperature of (20±2)°C and a humidity of (65±5)%. At lower temperatures and higher humidity the drying time should be increased.

5 APPLICATION OF THE MATERIAL

5.1 It is not allowed to apply the coating in the rain, fog and frost.

5.2 Teplomix® Standard can be applied by brush, roller, trowel or airless spraying.

5.3 One process layer is between (0.5±0.2) mm and (1±0.2) mm depending on the dilution and application method.

5.4 When applying multiple coats, the intercoat drying time should be at least 24 hours at 20ºC. At higher temperatures (20-40)ºC, the intercoat drying time may be reduced to 6-12 hours.

5.5 It should be kept in mind that the energy efficiency of the material at a thickness of:

1 mm is 30-40 %;
2mm thickness up to 50 %.

5.6 The consumption of Teplomix® Standard depends on the application method:

with a brush and roller – 1 l/m2 at a thickness of (1±0.2) mm;

– with an airless sprayer – 1.1 l/m2 at a layer thickness of (1±0.2) mm.

5.7 After the work is completed tools should be thoroughly rinsed with water.

6 DRYING CONDITIONS

At air temperatures below +10 °C and high humidity, up to 80 %, the drying time is extended. It is therefore necessary to increase the time between applications in any case. Such measures are taken to allow more moisture to evaporate from the material and for a higher degree of polymerisation to achieve high thermal insulation and performance characteristics.

Drying the applied layer of material with a heated air jet is NOT permitted! If the temperature in the room where the insulation work is carried out, below +10 ° C, you can use the heaters that will increase the temperature in the room, but not directly aimed at the coating itself.

7 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Teplomix® Standard is not inflammable or explosive and does not contain organic solvents. If the room is unventilated and poorly ventilated, the use of standard respirators is recommended.

In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with water for 15 minutes. If irritation persists, consult a doctor. In case of contact with skin, wash with soap and water. In case of repeated use wash contaminated clothing.

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TECHNOLOGICAL INSTRUCTIONS for the application of Teplomix®Anticor liquid thermal insulation coating

“Teplomix® Anticor is a liquid heat insulating material consisting of microscopic hollow glass beads consisting of acrylic polymer, pigments and special additives to prevent metal corrosion.

When water evaporates from the material, an insulating coating with good thermal and physical-mechanical properties is formed.

1 STORAGE AND TRANSPORT 

1.1 The material should be stored and transported at a temperature not lower than +50°C in a hermetically sealed container. The material is not resistant to freezing.

2 CONDITIONS FOR APPLICATION AND MAINTENANCE OF THE INSULATION MATERIAL

2.1 Coating works can be carried out without interruption of the production process on the surfaces with temperature from +5 °C to +90 °C. The formed coating operates in the temperature range from -40°C to +200°C.

2.2 It is recommended to perform works with Teplomix® Anticor at ambient temperature not lower than +5°C and humidity not higher than 65%. The lower the relative humidity, the faster the material will cure. The higher the humidity, the longer the drying time.

2.3 When the material is applied on horizontal metal surfaces of the objects that are in use outdoors, the Teplomix Antikor insulation material is covered with a more weather-proof (waterproofing) mastic Elasgreen on top.

3. MATERIAL PREPARATION

3.1 Open the bucket with Teplomix® Anticor.

3.2 Attention: The special feature of this material is that it separates into a liquid and a solid phase during storage. Therefore, after opening the bucket with the material, it is necessary to mix it thoroughly by gently dipping and lifting the wooden spatula in the centre and along the walls of the bucket to ensure that the liquid part is mixed with the solid component.

A spiral drill can be used to mix thoroughly. Stir the contents of the bucket until homogeneous with the speed of the drill blades not exceeding 150-200 rpm. This is due to the fact that the material contains glass microspheres, which may be destroyed if stirred carelessly. Continue stirring until a homogeneous mass without lumps or clumps is formed.

Stir thoroughly before use and dilute with water if necessary:
up to 5% when applied with a brush or spatula;

– 5 % to 10 % with an airless spray gun.

The consistency of the ready to use material must resemble the consistency of sour cream. If the product is too thick and the paste starts to nodularise during application, a small amount of water must be added.

4 PREPARATION OF THE WORK SURFACE

Teplomix Anticor is highly adhesive and adheres well to all metals.

4.1 Before application the surface should be dry and grease-free; cleaned of old coatings, dirt, rust and scale with metal brushes, scrapers.

Note that the presence of “loose” rust in the form of “fungus” will cause it to peel off after the material has been applied, together with the thermal insulation coating.

4.2 If the surface to be treated has a temperature of (60-90)°C, the following set of measures must be carried out:

4.2.1 Take out a suitable quantity of already thoroughly mixed but undiluted Teplomix Antikor.

4.2.2 Dilute the material with water in the ratio of 2:1 and mix thoroughly to a homogeneous consistency of the material as a primer. The result is Teplomix Antikor as a primer that must first be applied one or two layers onto the surface to improve adhesion.

The amount of selected material is based on the calculation that the consumption of Teplomix Antikor as a primer is 0.3 l/m2 at a thickness of 0.2 mm.

4.2.3 Each layer is applied in quick short strokes in one or two passes with a brush in one direction. The dwell time between coats should be at least 1 hour.

4.2.4 After that let the primer coat dry for at least 2 hours at temperature (20±2)°C and humidity (65±5)%. At lower temperatures and higher humidity, the drying time must be extended.

4.3 If the surface to be treated has a temperature of up to 60°C, it is not necessary to apply a layer of primer, but it can serve as a recommendation to increase the adhesion strength of the material to the metal surface. One priming coat of material will be sufficient for this purpose.

4.4 If the surface to be treated is hotter than 90°C, the equipment in use must be stopped to cool the surface.

5 MATERIAL APPLICATION

5.1 Do not apply the coating in rain, fog and frost.

5.2 The material must not be applied to horizontal metal surfaces, operated in the open air, without the subsequent application of weatherproofing (waterproofing) material. Link to mastic page

5.3 Teplomix Anticor can be applied by brush, trowel or airless spraying.

5.4 One process layer is (0,5±0,2) mm to (1±0,2) mm depending on the dilution and application method.

5.5 When making a multilayer coating, the drying time between coats should be at least 24 hours at 20ºC. At higher temperatures of (20-60)ºC, the time between coats may be reduced to 5-10 hours.

5.6 The consumption of Teplomix® Anticor depends on the method of application:

with a brush or trowel – 1 l/m2 at a thickness of (1±0.2) mm;

– with an airless sprayer – 1.1 l/m2 at a layer thickness of (1±0.2) mm.

5.7. After the work is completed the tools must be thoroughly washed with water.

6 CONDITIONS OF DRYING (CURING) OF THE MATERIAL

At ambient temperatures below +10°C and high humidity up to 80 % the drying time of the material is extended. Therefore an extension of the drying time between coats is necessary in any case. Such measures are taken to allow more moisture to evaporate from the material and for a higher degree of polymerisation to achieve high thermal insulation and performance characteristics.

Drying the applied layer of material with a heated air jet is NOT permitted! If the temperature in the room where the insulation work is carried out, below +10 ° C, you can use the heaters that will increase the temperature in the room, but not directly aimed at the coating itself.

7 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Teplomix® Anticor is not inflammable and explosive and does not contain organic solvents. If the room is well ventilated or work is carried out out in the open air – respirators are not required. If the room is unventilated and poorly ventilated, the use of standard respirators is recommended.

In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with water for 15 minutes. If irritation persists, consult a doctor. In case of contact with skin, wash with soap and water. In case of repeated use wash contaminated clothing.

7
TECHNOLOGICAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE APPLICATION OF ELASGREEN MAP waterproofing mastic

“ELASGREEN is a mastic polymer dispersion waterproofing consisting of an aqueous dispersion in which pigments, fillers and functional additives are evenly distributed. It is designed to protect roofs, building structures, buildings and constructions against the penetration of water or other aggressive liquid.

The material does not contain organic solvents and is an environmentally friendly product.

1 STORAGE AND TRANSPORT

Transport and storage should be carried out in a tightly closed container at an ambient temperature of at least 5ºC. Exposure to direct sunlight must be avoided.

2 CONDITIONS FOR COATING WORKS

2.1 Waterproofing works may be carried out at ambient temperature not lower than +5°C and humidity not higher than 65%.

3 MATERIAL PREPARATION

3.1 Open the bucket with ELASGREEN.

3.2 Stir the material thoroughly before use, using a drill with a stirring speed of up to 500 rpm.

3.3 Elasgreen should be thinned with up to 10 % water prior to application, depending on weather conditions and application method.

The consistency of the ready to use material should resemble the consistency of a sour cream.

4 PREPARATION OF THE WORKING SURFACE

4.1 Prior to applying ELASGREEN, the surface should be cleaned of debris, dirt, dust, oil stains, and if necessary, washed and dried. Concrete surfaces must be cleaned of unevenness in the form of lapping and particles of concrete aggregate and the low-strength film of cement milk must be washed away.

4.2 Special attention shall be paid to the treatment of recesses, corners and joints. They shall be sealed with cement mortar or other materials.

4.3 After cleaning, the surface shall be dedusted using compressed air or other means before the material is applied.

4.4 New concrete surfaces shall be cured within 14 days.

4.5 Surfaces shall be dry and shall remain dry for at least 48 hours prior to application of ELASGREEN waterproofing material.

5 APPLICATION OF ELASGREEN
If the surface needs to be primed, the material diluted with water up to 50% can be used.
The material should be applied by brush, trowel or airless sprayer.

Brush or trowel can be used to apply over small or intricate areas. The brush should be dampened with water before the first application. Subsequently, during application, periodically moisten the brush with water to ensure an even coating.

Large surfaces should preferably be treated with an airless spray gun with an optimum nozzle diameter for spraying highly viscous materials. If necessary, dilute with water as described above.

5.3 Chemical consumption per 1m² is 1.2 kg, the application rate can be increased by 10-15% if applied mechanically.

One technological layer is (0.5 ± 0.1) mm. The mastic is applied in two layers.

5.5 Each subsequent layer is applied in a direction perpendicular to the previous layer only after the previous one has dried.

The quality of the coating is checked visually and the coating thickness should be at least 1 mm.

5.7 After each cycle of work tools should be thoroughly washed with water.

6 DRYING CONDITIONS (CURING) OF THE MATERIAL

Drying time of one coating layer at temperature (20±2) °С and humidity (65±5) % is 5-10 hours.

At temperatures below +10 ° C and high humidity of more than 65% the drying time of the material increases. Therefore it is necessary to increase the time between coats in any case, at least by a factor of 2. Such measures are taken to allow more moisture to evaporate from the material and for a higher degree of polymerisation to achieve high waterproofing and performance characteristics.

Drying the applied layer of material with a heated air jet is NOT permitted! If the temperature in the room where the work takes place, below +10 ° C, it is possible to use the heaters that will increase the temperature in the room, but not directed directly to the coating.

SAFETY REQUIREMENTS.
ELASGREEN waterproofing material does not possess a generally toxic and skin-resorbing effect and refers to IV hazard class according to GOST 12.1.007.
It is recommended to wear safety glasses and apron while handling the material. When ELASGREEN is applied by spraying in closed premises without ventilation it is recommended to use ShB-11 “Lepestok-200” respirators (GOST 12.4.028). If the room is well ventilated or the work is performed outside, respirators are not required.
ELASGREEN is a fire and explosion-proof material, so it does not require any special fire safety measures when transported, used and stored.
ELASGREEN should be transported and stored in tightly closed containers at temperatures not below +5°C. Exposure to direct sunlight is not allowed.
The material should be handled only by persons who are familiar with it and have been instructed in its use.

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Airless application

When carrying out work, an important criterion is maximum efficiency while reducing labour costs. The same applies to thermal insulation work. Although Teplomix coatings are easy to install with a paint brush, areas of more than 100 m2 are more effectively treated with mechanical means – airless high-pressure sprayers.

We are always pleased to provide our teams of specialists for the application of all types of paint, polymeric, protective, thermal insulation, waterproofing, corrosion protection and fire protection coatings using airless spraying equipment.  

If you would like to apply liquid thermal insulation yourself, please read the instructions for Teplomix thermal insulation coatings with airless spraying equipment.

Please note that Teplomix liquid ceramic thermal insulation coatings differ considerably from conventional paint coatings – viscosity, the presence of ceramic microspheres in the structure and so on. This imposes certain conditions on the equipment used for application:

  1. Only airless sprayers may be used. Conventional compressor sprayers cannot be used, because at low pressure they are unable to pump the material and at high pressure the speed of the material leaving the nozzle is so high that the microsphere breaks on the surface to be coated. Also at the time of application a mixture of Teplomix material and air is formed in the spray gun, which causes disturbance to the structure of the coating; Specific models and recommendations for their setting are given below. Equipment with excessive mechanical stress on the material, e.g. diaphragm or gear pumps will destroy the material particles. Do not use such equipment to feed insulation material.
  2. Use recommended gun, tips, nozzles for Teplomix coatings. Recommendations for selection are given below.
  3. Proper adjustment of the equipment is necessary, e.g. removal of all filters, correct pressure, etc.

IMPORTANT!!! If unsuitable or incorrectly set up equipment is used, there is a high probability that the main component in the TEPLOMIX material, the ceramic microspheres, will be damaged, leading to considerable over-consumption due to high shrinkage and, most importantly, to the cancellation of the thermal properties of the coating.

Recommended list of equipment for thermal insulation

TEPLOMIX polymer coatings

The following is a list of sprayers which are the optimum equipment for the application of polymer thermal insulation coating. The airless sprayers for working with liquid ceramic thermal insulation coatings are described below.

Electrically operated equipment:

GRACO MARK V Pro-Connect

This type of atomiser is the most widely and successfully used for working with TEPLOMIX liquid ceramic thermal insulation coatings.

This atomiser is equipped with the SMARTCONTROL 2.0 system for controlling operating parameters.

Sprayer parameters:

  • Drive type – electric (220 V, 50 Hz)
  • Power output – 1.65 kW
  • Maximum capacity – 5.5 l/min.
  • Maximum working pressure – 230 bar
  • The maximum permissible pressure when working with TEPLOMIX coatings is 80 bar
  • Weight – 59 kg
  • Generator requirements – 5 kW

A 90 litre tank is available as an option, allowing you to avoid being distracted by frequent bucket changes during application.

When using the tank – stir the TEPLOMIX material regularly (every 3-5 minutes)!

* Do not exceed the stirring speed of max. 100 rpm.

This sprayer is only used for small quantities of work, as it is at the very limit of the pressure required to apply the TEPLOMIX.

If you use THIS sprayer, you must:

  • Dilute the TEPLOMIX material in a 1:20 ratio (1 litre of water per 20 litres of TEPLOMIX);
  • Use larger nozzles -0.021 or 0.023 inch;
  • Apply with short pauses to maintain the required pressure in the system;
  • The spraying pressure is set to the minimum value at which application of TEPLOMIX is possible.

Petrol-driven equipment:

 GRACO GMAX II (models 5900 and 7900)

The GMax series of self-contained petrol-driven airless sprayers are designed to operate in environments without power and compressed air lines.

GMAX II 5900 HD ProConnect Optimum sprayer parameters:

  • Drive type – petrol (Honda)
  • Power – 4,1 kW
  • Maximum output – 6,0 l/min
  • Max. working pressure – 230 bar
  • Maximum allowable pressure when working with TEPLOMIX Coatings – 80 bar
  • Weight – 64 kg

GMAX II 7900 HD ProConnect Optimum sprayer parameters:

  • Drive type – petrol (Honda)
  • Power – 4,8 kW
  • Maximum output – 8,3 l/min
  • Max. working pressure – 230 bar
  • Maximum allowable pressure when working with TEPLOMIX Coatings – 80 bar
  • Weight – 67 kg

Extension of autonomous spraying capability using a hopper

Pneumatically operated equipment:

GRACO XTREME KING 45:1
These machines are powerful in their operation and easy to use, designed for high and very high viscosity coatings in demanding environments. Low maintenance costs. Longer service life: PlasmsCoat technology rods and XtremeSeal seals more than double the service life.
Heavy-duty adaptability. Quick-connect coupling – quickly and easily connects the pump shaft without tools.

XTREME King 45:1 atomizer features:

  • Drive type – NXT 6500 air motor
  • Max. input pressure – 7 bar
  • Maximum output – 8.3 l/min
  • Maximum working pressure – 313 bar
  • Maximum allowable pressure when working with TEPLOMIX coatings – 80 bar
  • Weight – 117

The key component of TEPLOMIX coatings are ceramic microspheres in the form of vacuum formed spheres. These spheres are responsible for the thermal-physical properties of the coating as well as for maintaining its thickness (one of the signs of microsphere failure is high material shrinkage).

Main recommendations:

Before starting work, ALL filters (including the filter in the gun, if present) must be removed from the machine! Filters can trap microspheres in the TEPLOMIX material, so they must be removed.
The appliance must be clean and operational. The use of heavily contaminated equipment can lead to reduced efficiency at low pressures and the need for higher pressures, which in turn can destroy the TEPLOMIX material.
The TEPLOMIX coating should be applied at the lowest operating pressure, but not more than 80 bar. An advantage of Graco sprayers is the SmartControl system, which keeps operating parameters (pressure, flow rate, etc.) constant throughout the entire application. Optimal pressure for TEPLOMIX spraying varies from 60 to 80 bar. IMPORTANT! Do not exceed 80 bar. This would result in partial or complete destruction of the microspheres in the TEPLOMIX material.
We recommend a hose length of up to 45 metres. Using longer hoses leads to higher pressure on the pumping equipment over a longer length, which in turn can destroy the TEPLOMIX material.
Only use the recommended guns, tips and nozzles as this also affects the TEPLOMIX material during application. Detailed recommendations for the selection of accessories are given below.
The TEPLOMIX material has a multi-component composition. Over time the material will therefore separate into fractions in the container – the lighter microspheres will float to the surface and the water and binder will tend to sink to the bottom. As the airless spray material is taken from the bottom of the container, the material must be agitated during application at least once every 5-7 minutes to ensure a homogeneous coating is always applied. This is especially important when using additional tanks into which material is poured from several buckets at once!!!

Recommended spray guns for airless sprayers:

GRACO CONTRACTOR II

One of the lightest and most comfortable airless spray guns available. Graco® engineers achieved a 30% reduction in spray trigger force, which greatly reduces sprayer fatigue. The sprayer is equipped with a special dual filter as well as a swivel joint. This avoids frequent cleaning of the nozzle and twisting of the high pressure hose.

CAUTION!! Remove the filter from the gun before spraying TEPLOMIX.

GRACO XTR5

GRACO XTR7

New spray guns GRACO XTR5 and GRACO XTR7 for spraying of highly viscous materials. Equipped with a special heavy duty spray head and nozzle. Suitable for airless spraying and high volume applications. Suitable for use with air-powered machines.

CAUTION!! Remove the filter from the gun before spraying TEPLOMIX.

GRACO FTX

The GRACO FTX spray gun is intended for finishing and general painting applications, where greater manoeuvrability is required. Supplied with the GRACO ULTRA MAX series airless spraying units. Can also be combined with the GRACO MARK V series.
Available with either 2 or 4 pins.

CAUTION Remove the filter from the gun before spraying TEPLOMIX.

It is not recommended to use the GRACO SILVER GUN spray gun as it makes it difficult to apply TEPLOMIX coating.

Recommended spray nozzles and nozzle holdersGraco:

For best application results the following factors should be considered when selecting a nozzle:

 Spray Band Width:

The width of the spray band is determined by the spray angle at a distance of 30cm from the surface. The angle is determined by the first digit in the marking on the tip. The ratio of the number on the nozzle to the spraying angle and the band width:

For example, in the illustration on the right, the number 5 indicates that the spray angle is 50 degrees,

Nozzle size and maximum output of the machine:

The nozzle size indicates the approximate spray rate. This is determined by the last two digits in the marking of the tip.

In this example, the number 17 on the right indicates the orifice size is 0.017 inches or 0.43mm

Each machine type has a maximum capacity and this has to be considered when selecting accessories.

Nozzles in the range x23 to x31 are recommended for use with TEPLOMIX coatings.

The nozzle size depends on the type and volume of the surface to be insulated. A larger torch and nozzle size can be used for large, flat surfaces (building facades, metal tanks, hangars, etc.) while small, complex geometries (pipework, flanges, etc.) require a smaller torch and smaller nozzle diameter.

Wear resistance and nozzle specialisation:

Nozzles are divided not only by size and “atomisation” width, but also by wear resistance and specialisation. For reasons of durability we recommend choosing nozzles that are resistant to wear.

We recommend the RAC X and RAC 5 nozzles in blue or black colour.

IMPORTANT!!! Do not use nozzles with flame spreader.

Nozzle holders (TipGuards) blue or orange fit RAC X and RAC 5 nozzles.

It is also possible to use XHD RAC grey nozzles and nozzle holders.

For more information on nozzle and nozzle holder specifications, contact the manufacturer or a Graco representative.

Application and Handling Guidelines for Spray Guns

The spray gun may be technically advanced, but if the operator does not apply the correct spray technique, the resulting effect will not be positive. Incorrect application techniques can significantly increase costs. To maximise the function and performance of the spray gun:

Ensure that you hold the spray gun perpendicular to the work surface as shown. Tilting the spray gun from side to side, approaching and moving the spray gun away from the object to be painted will cause a large amount of material to be deflected away from the working surface and to be lost.
moving the gun in an arc will cause uneven film thickness. Remember to move your whole hand along the surface, keeping your wrist straight.
control the waving speed to achieve the correct film thickness
Overlap the material so that the overlap does not exceed 50%. A greater overlap will necessitate an increase in swipe speed to obtain a uniform overlay of material.

9

High consumption of material and consequently overlap is the material that is lost when passing over the surface to be painted. To minimise wastage, care must be taken and the trigger pulled correctly. The trigger must not be pulled when the gun is stationary. Using the correct pressure of the material being sprayed will prevent overspray; this mode will reduce the loss of material due to it bouncing off the object being sprayed (and maintain the integrity of the coating structure).

The spray gun must be held far enough away from the work surface to allow the width of the spray spot to increase until it reaches a suitable size. The optimum distance is normally 6 to 10 inches (15 to 25 cm), as shown in the figure above.

9
Main parameters and characteristics of fire retardant KMD metal ECO

 

Name of indicator Characteristics and significance
Appearance, colour Homogeneous paste of white colour without lumps, clumps or foreign substances
Appearance of the coating After drying the flame retardant forms a homogenous surface without craters, pores or wrinkles
Smell The smell of vinyl
Dry residue, % 70±5
Fire protection performance 4-7 groups
Fire resistance limit along the duct EI 15 – EI 30
Shelf life of flame retardant coating, years, min. 20
Adhesion of flame retardant coating to substrate, points, not more 2

Compound consumption and coating thickness for steelwork

Fire protection performance group Thickness of dry coating, mm, min. Theoretical compound consumption, kg/m?, excluding production losses
4 0,98 1,86
5 0,70 1,33
6 0,36 0,68
7 0,17 0,33

Compound consumption and coating thickness for air ducts

Fire resistance rating Dry film thickness*, mm, min. Theoretical compound consumption, kg/m?, excluding production losses
EI 15 0,315 (for horizontal and vertical ducting) 0,599
EI 30 0,545 (for horizontal ducts) 1,037
EI 30 0,547 (for vertical ducts) 1,041
10
Main parameters and characteristics of flame retardant KMD O-Metal Plus
Fire protection performance group Thickness of cured flame retardant coating , mm, min. Theoretical consumption of the composition (dry mix) without production losses, kg/m?
1 (180 min) 37 14,8
1 (150 min) 30 12,0
2 (120 min) 29 11,6
3 (90 min) 20 8,0
Name of indicator Characteristics and significance
Appearance of the coating After curing, the mortar mixture prepared from the composition should form a continuous surface without cracks
Composition humidity, %, max. 1
Water retention capacity of the mortar mixture (ready-to-use composition), %, min. 95
Adhesion strength of the coating to the substrate, MPa, not less 0,2
Fire protection performance 90-150 min (1-3 groups)
180 min (1 group)
Retention of flame retardant effectiveness of coating, years, min. 5
11
Main parameters and characteristics of flame retardant KMD-O-1
Name of indicator Characteristics and significance
Appearance Transparent liquid without impurities (precipitation and clouding possible)
Color:
– without dye
– dyed
light yellow or light green
dye colour
Smell Odourless
Density, g/cm? 1,170±0,010
Hydrogen ion activity index, pH 3,5±1,0
Effectiveness against mould and staining fungi Effective
Effectiveness against a standard strain of the fungus Coniophora puteana (threshold absorption), % to wood mass, max. 10
Corrosion aggressiveness (corrosion rate), g/m? per day, max. 4
Resistance to leaching Washable
Flame retardant performance group of flame retardant wood II
Shelf life of flame retardant wood, years, not less 5
Strength reduction of impregnated wood (compared to unimpregnated wood), %, max. 20
Penetration into wood (impregnation factor by absorption), not less 0,6
Wood staining:
– without dye
– with dye
the colour of the wood does not change
the wood takes on a tinge of colour

Consumption of flame retardant KMD-O-1

Fire risk indicator provided Compound consumption, l/m2 (kg/m?), not less
Fire performance group II (flame retardant) 0,300 (0,351)

 

12
Main parameters and characteristics of flame retardant KMD-O-2
Name of indicator Characteristics and significance
Appearance Semi-transparent liquid without impurities (precipitation and clouding possible)
Color:
– without dye
– dyed
brown
dye colour
Smell Odourless
Density, g/cm? 1,290±0,010
Hydrogen ion activity index, pH 2,5±1,0
Effectiveness against mould and staining fungi Medium effective
Corrosion aggressiveness (corrosion rate), g/m? per day, max. 4
Resistance to leaching Washable
Flame retardant performance groups of flame retardant wood I, II
Shelf life of flame retardant wood, years, not less 5
Strength reduction of impregnated wood (compared to unimpregnated wood), %, max. 20
Penetration into wood (impregnation factor by absorption), not less 0,6
Wood staining:
– without dye
– with dye
the wood takes on a light brown hue
the wood takes on a colour shade of dye

Consumption of flame retardant KMD-O-2

Fire risk indicator provided Compound consumption, l/m2 (kg/m?), not less
Fire performance group I (flame retardant) 0,330 (0,426)
Fire performance group II (flame retardant and flame retardant) 0,200 (0,258)
13
Main parameters and characteristics of KMD fire protection plaster over concrete
Name of indicator Characteristics and significance
Appearance of the coating After curing, the mortar mixture prepared from the composition should form a continuous surface without cracks
Composition humidity, %, max. 1
Water absorption of flame retardant coatings treated with KMD-O-FINISH penetrating impregnation at capillary leakage, kg/m? 3
Vapour permeability coefficient of flame retardant coating treated with KMD-O-FINISH hardening impregnation, mg/m-h-Pa, not less 0,03
Adhesion strength of flame retardant coating to substrate, MPa, not less 0,2
Coating fire performance group 3, 4
Retention of flame retardant effectiveness of coating, years, min. 5

Composition consumption and thickness of flame retardant

Flame retardant performance group of the flame retardant coating Average thickness of cured fire protection coating, mm Theoretical compound consumption excluding production losses, kg/m?
3 30 12,0
4 20 8,0
14
Main parameters and characteristics of KMD cable fire retardant
Name of indicator Characteristics and significance
Appearance, colour Homogenous paste of grey colour without lumps, clumps or foreign substances
Appearance of the coating After drying, the compound should form a homogenous surface without craters, pores or wrinkles
Dry residue, % 70±5
Retention of flame retardant effectiveness of coating, years, min. 20
Adhesion of the coating to the substrate, points, max. 2
Combustion limit of the cable product for group laying after treatment with the product PPRP 1 – PPRP 3

Composition consumption and thickness of flame retardant for cable treatment

Combustion limit of the cable product for group laying after treatment with the product Dry film thickness of the compound, mm Theoretical compound consumption, kg/m?, excluding production losses
PPRP 1 – PPRP 3 0,8 – 1,2 1,53
15
Fire resistance limits of cable penetrations:
Name of indicator Designation of the TPA setting out the test methods (special conditions) Values, min
Fire resistance rating of the penetration made in a rigid wall (made of gas silicate blocks), filled with thermoexpandable PTKP-1 pads with treatment of the opening slopes, cables and pads on both sides of the opening with KMD-O-KABEL fire retardant composition with 0.8 mm dry layer thickness, EI (min):
– at crossing with AVVG 4×10 cable
– When crossing the opening with a bundle of AKVVG 14×2.5 cables
STB EN 1363-1
STB EN 1366-3
180
150
Fire resistance rating of the penetration made in a rigid wall (made of gas silicate blocks), filled with thermoexpandable PTKP-1 pads with treatment of the opening slopes and cables with KMD-O-KABEL fire retardant composition with a dry layer thickness of 0.8 mm, EI (min):
– at crossing by cable AVVG 4×10
– When crossing the opening with a bundle of AKVVG 14×2.5 cables
STB EN 1363-1
STB EN 1366-3
180
90
16
Execution of fire protection work with KMD metal ECO fire retardant

1 Preparation of metal surfaces to be flame retardant treated

The preparation of metal surfaces to be treated with flame retardant treatment consists of the following steps

inspection of the surfaces
Cleaning of the surfaces from dirt and removal of defects
treatment of surfaces with primers, protective or decorative paints

Certification of surfaces is a visual inspection of their quality (to determine the degree of contamination of surfaces and identify defects in the surface) and inspection of the conditions of use of surfaces. The results of the inspection are recorded in a report in any form. The report shall be signed by the contractor and the customer (general contractor) of the fire protection works.

When cleaning untreated surfaces, dust, dirt, rust, scale shall be removed and surfaces shall be degreased. When cleaning surfaces treated with primers, protective or decorative paints, remove dust and dirt from them.

The surfaces must be cleaned manually or mechanically.

After cleaning the surfaces treated with primers, protective or decorative paints:

check the quality of the primer, protective or decorative coatings applied: the coating must have no unpainted areas, chips, cracks, delaminations, wrinkles, and bumps
determine adhesion of primer, protective or decorative coating to the metal surface (tests are held by method of parallel or lattice incisions according to GOST 15140)

If coating defects are detected, further flame retardant treatment of surfaces with the composition is allowed only after elimination of defects.

Untreated surfaces of metal construction elements must be treated with primers, protective or decorative paints.

On galvanized metal surfaces the first layer must be primed with primer AK-070 (recommended thickness of the dried one-coat primer is 8÷15 µm).

Priming, protective or decorative coatings (paint systems) used must be compatible with the composition.

The application procedure, average dry layer thicknesses of priming, protective, decorative coating must comply with the requirements of the manufacturer of the priming, protective, decorative coating material.

2 Preparation of the flame retardant for use

Before opening the container with the preparation the lid of the container must be cleaned.

Mix the product thoroughly until a homogeneous mass is obtained by means of an electric mixer with a speed not exceeding 400 rpm.

Up to 10% distilled water may be used to reduce the viscosity of the product.

3 Application of fire retardant

The composition can be applied to the surfaces of metal building elements.

The composition must be applied under the following conditions:

ambient temperature: above 0 °C
Relative humidity: not more than 90%.

When working in conditions of open building sites the surfaces to be treated should be protected from atmospheric precipitation.

The surfaces to be treated must be protected from moisture, condensation, frost, snow and ice.

When applying and drying the composition to avoid condensation the temperature of the treated surface should be above the dew point by at least 3 °C.

The composition is applied in layers by hand (brushes or rollers) or mechanized (airless spraying equipment).

Each layer of the mortar is applied evenly with no streaks and gaps, carefully handling gaps and joints of individual parts.

The thickness of the wet layer of the composition should be within 0.1-0.5 mm.

It is recommended to check the wet coating thickness with an uncured layer thickness gauge.

Recommended number of coating layers

Fire protection performance group Number of layers, pcs.
4 5
5 4
6 3
Fire resistance rating Number of layers, pcs.
EI 15 2
EI 30 3

Intercoat drying modes of the composition

Ambient air temperature, °C Minimum intercoat drying time, min
(0) — (+15) 40 – 22
(+15) — (+25) 22 – 15
(+25) — (+35) 15 – 10

Drying time of fire-retardant coating formed with the composition, before applying the coating composition – at least 3 days from the time of application at ambient air temperature of 20 ° C and a relative humidity of 60%.

Total drying time of fireproofing coating formed by the composition, at ambient air temperature of 20 ° C and relative humidity of 60% – at least 14 days after application.

Lower ambient temperatures and higher air humidity increase the drying time of the fire-retardant coating and vice versa.

Thickness of fire-retardant coating and theoretical consumption of the composition for elements of metal building structures

Fire protection performance group Thickness of dry coating, mm, min. Theoretical compound consumption, kg/m², without production losses
4 0,850 1,45
5 0,599 1,02
6 0,297 0,51
Note – The maximum thickness of the dry coating formed by the composition must not exceed 1.5 mm.

Application rates in construction conditions depend on the conditions and application technique. Application losses can be up to 50%.

When working and drying the composition it is necessary to avoid the penetration of moisture on the treated surfaces.

Fireproofing coating formed by the composition is repairable. In the case of violation of the integrity of the coating, caused by mechanical impacts (chipping, scratches), it can be restored by applying the required thickness of the composition on the damaged areas.

If the fireproof coating is additionally treated with KMD-O-LP weatherproof coating composition or other compatible coating composition, the compatibility of which is confirmed by test results carried out in an independent accredited testing laboratory, the fireproof coating can be used in rooms with high relative air humidity (over 60%), in places exposed to precipitation, in rooms with aggressive environments. Procedure for application of the coating composition of weatherproof KMD-O-LP in accordance with the technical regulations.

Instrumental control of the following environmental indicators must be carried out before and during the works with the composition:

  • ambient air temperatures
  • relative humidity
  • the temperature of the surface to be treated

All measurements must be taken directly at the fire protection worksite. Measurement results must be recorded in the work log.

The tools used to apply the composition must be cleaned with water.

4 Quality Control

Quality control of work performed for application of the composition and thickness of the wet and dry fireproofing coating shall be carried out by the foreman, foreman, foreman or other responsible person in accordance with these Procedures.

Quality control of the fire-retardant coating applied shall be carried out visually and by instrumental method.

The appearance of the finished fire-retardant coating shall be visually inspected. The coating shall form a uniform surface without craters, pores or wrinkles.

Check measurements shall be made of the thickness of the dry layer of the flame retardant coating. The measurements shall be made with a magnetic thickness gauge. The areas to be measured are randomly selected and the following condition must be met: the sum of the monitored areas must be at least 5% of the total area of the flame retardant treated surfaces.

The thickness of the fire protection coating is measured at points evenly distributed over the surface to be inspected. The measurements shall be in accordance with the fire protection performance group specified in the design documents and not inconsistent with the values of the dry layer thickness of the composition given in the technical regulations.

A certificate of completion shall be verified. The report must contain information about the place of work, type of structures treated, area of surfaces treated, name of the fire-retardant composition, its consumption, application technology, the organization executing the work, and must be signed by the responsible persons who performed the work and carried out the control.

17
Performing fire protection work with KMD-O-Metal Plus flame retardant composition

1 Preparation of metal surfaces to be flame retardant treated

The preparation of metal surfaces to be treated with flame retardant treatment consists of the following steps

inspection of the surfaces
Cleaning of the surfaces of dirt and defects
treatment of surfaces with a primer

The inspection of surfaces consists of a visual inspection of their quality (to determine the degree of contamination of surfaces and identify defects in the surfaces) and examination of the conditions of use of the surfaces. The results of the inspection are recorded in a report in any form.

The surfaces are cleaned by removing dust, dirt, rust, scale, degrease the surfaces. The surfaces shall be cleaned manually or mechanically.

After the cleaning, GF-021 primer by GOST 25129 or KMD-O-KONTAKT adhesion primer (reference on page, fire protection material No. 6) by TU BY 691930249.001-2015 shall be applied onto the surfaces of the elements of metal building structures. Procedure of GF-021 primer application – according to the recommendations of the primer manufacturer. Recommended thickness of the dry primer layer after treatment with GF-021 – 0,05 mm.

Application procedure of KMD-O-KONTAKT primer – in accordance with the Instructions for Use (reference page RECOMMENDATION No. 22) of KMD-O-KONTAKT adhesion primer. The recommended thickness of the dry primer coat after treatment with KMD-O-CONTAKT primer is 1.00 mm.

2 Preparation of mortar mixture

Mortar mixture is prepared before hand application: the mortar mixture is poured into clean water and thoroughly mixed to get the uniform plastic mass in the ratio from 1.30 l to 1.35 l of water per 1 kg of the composition.

Sustain the prepared mortar mixture after stirring for 2-3 minutes and use it within 30 minutes from the moment of preparation.

At application with the machine the mortar mixture of the composition is prepared automatically with the help of the equipment, designed for plaster application (plastering station). The mortar mixture is prepared according to the instructions of the equipment manufacturer.

3 Mortar application

Application of mortar mixture shall be performed under the following conditions

ambient temperature: not below 5°С
Relative air humidity: not more than 80%.

The surfaces to be treated during and after the works in the conditions of open construction sites shall be protected from atmospheric precipitations. The treated surfaces shall be protected from moisture, condensate, frost, snow and ice.

The mortar mixture shall be applied in three layers manually or mechanically.

If it is necessary to obtain the fire protective coating, which has fire protection efficiency of 150-180 minutes, the mortar mixture of the composition should be reinforced with fiberglass mesh during its application (it is applied to the first layer of uncured mortar mixture (when using GF-021 primer), or to the second layer of uncured mortar mixture (when using KMD-O-KONTAKT adhesion primer).

When applying manually: the first layer of mortar mixture is applied by screeding with plastering; the second, leveling layer with plastering is applied after the first layer partially dries out; the third, covering layer, is applied with the thickness not more than 3 mm with the final trowelling of the surface.

If applied mechanically: The mortar mixture of the composition is applied using the equipment designed for plastering (plastering station). The application procedure of the plastering station – in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

Complete drying of the mortar mixture at ambient temperature 20°С and relative humidity 60% occurs after 3 days. When drying the mortar mixture under conditions of lower temperature and/or higher relative humidity the drying time increases.

Depending on the way of application and geometric parameters of the structure, technological losses during application of the mortar mixture can range from 5 to 100%.

The fireproof coating, formed by mortar mixture of the composition, is repairable. In the event of damage to the integrity of the coating caused by mechanical influences (chips, scratches), it can be repaired by applying a mortar mixture of the required thickness on the damaged areas.

Average thickness of fire-retardant coating and theoretical consumption of mortar (dry mixture) for metal building elements

Fire protection performance group Thickness of cured flame retardant coating* , mm, min. Theoretical compound consumption (dry mix) without production losses, kg/m²
1** (180 min) 37 14,8
1** (150 min) 30 12,0
2 (120 min) 29 11,6
3 (90 min) 20 8,0
* – the maximum dry layer thickness of the fire-retardant coating must not exceed by more than 50% the dry layer thickness of the fire-retardant coating corresponding to the group with maximum fire-retardant efficiency
** – flame retardant coating applied on glass mesh

After it has dried completely, the fire retardant coating must be treated with KMD-O-FINISH fire retardant impregnation (reference page OGNESA PROTECTION Product No. 3) according to TU BY 691930249.004-2015 for hardening purposes. The impregnation is applied by hand or mechanized method with a consumption of 0.5 kg/m².

It is allowed to apply non-combustible protective and decorative paint materials on the finished fire-retardant coating, formed by the composition.

Instrumental control of the following environmental conditions must be carried out before and during the application of the product:

  • ambient air temperatures
  • relative humidity
  • the temperature of the surface to be treated

All measurements must be taken directly at the fire protection worksite. The results of the measurements must be recorded in the work log.

4 Quality control of the work carried out

Quality control of the work carried out to apply the mortar mixture composition and thickness of the wet and dry fireproofing coating shall be carried out by the foreman, foreman, foreman or other responsible person in accordance with these Procedural Regulations.

Quality control of the fire-retardant coating applied shall be carried out visually and by instrumental method.

The appearance of the finished fire-retardant coating shall be visually inspected. The coating shall form a continuous surface without cracks.

The average thickness of the dry layer of the fire protection coating is checked. To do this, several holes are drilled into the fire protection coating to a depth equal to the thickness of the coating. The depth of the holes is checked with a depth gauge.

The areas to be measured are randomly selected and the following condition must be met: the sum of the monitored areas must be at least 5% of the total surface area of the flame retardant treated areas.

The averaged data obtained must comply with the values specified in the technical regulations. The thickness of the fire-retardant coating must comply with the design data.

The acceptance report shall be checked. The report must contain information about the place of work, the type of structures to be treated, the area of surfaces treated, the name of the fire retardant, its consumption, application technology, the contractor, and must be signed by the responsible persons who carried out the work and who performed the control.

18
Fireproofing with CMD wood composition

1 Preparation of wooden surfaces to be treated with flame retardant

The preparation of wooden surfaces to be treated with fire-biotic protection consists of the following steps:

  • surface inspection
  • Cleaning of surfaces from dirt, biological damage, previous paintwork (to be carried out if necessary)

The inspection of surfaces consists of a visual inspection of their quality (determining the degree of contamination of surfaces and identifying areas with existing biological damage and/or previously applied paintwork) and a check of the operating conditions of the surfaces. The results of the inspection shall be documented in any form.

The surfaces are cleaned to remove dust, dirt, biologically damaged areas, areas with previous paint coatings. Note: Paint coatings must be removed so that the composition can be absorbed into the surface layer of the wood.

The surfaces must be cleaned manually or mechanically.

2 Preparation of the composition for use

The composition does not require additional preparation before application.

3 Timber surface treatment

Wood surfaces must be treated with the compound under the following conditions:

  • ambient temperature: +2 °C or higher
  • relative humidity: max. 80%
  • wood moisture: not more than 30%

The surfaces to be treated must be protected against atmospheric precipitation during and after work on outdoor construction sites. Do not allow moisture, condensation, frost, snow or ice on the surfaces to be treated. Do not treat frozen or icy wood.

Do not apply the wood preservative on surfaces with previous paint coatings. It is not permitted to apply the composition on a surface previously treated with an alkaline-based fire retardant.

The composition is applied to wood in two to four layers with an interval of 60-120 minutes with a brush, roller, sprayer or immersion.

When working in conditions of low temperatures and high relative humidity the interval between coats must be increased.

The composition should be applied in even layers, without any streaks or gaps, carefully treating gaps and joints of individual parts.

The composition dries within 2 days, after which weather-resistant varnishes can be applied on the treated wood surfaces, if necessary.

Consumption rate (total consumption) of the composition which ensures II group of fire retardant effectiveness of flame retardant wood and efficient protection of wood from mould, staining fungi and standard fungus strain Coniophora puteana – at least 0.300 l/m² (0.351 kg/m²).

Processing losses during application depend on the method and conditions of application, geometric parameters of the treated structure, humidity and age of the treated wood and may be up to 50%.

4 Quality Control

The person responsible for the wood-based wood composite treatment (foreman, foreman, foreman, etc.) performs the quality control in accordance with the present technical regulations.

The quality check of wood treatment with the composition consists in visual inspection of the treated wood: the applied coating must evenly cover the surface of the wood.

If necessary, an experimental check of the quality of wood fireproofing treatment can be carried out using the express method according to GOST 30219. If there are conflicting results, tests can be conducted according to GOST 16363.

The express method consists of the following. Shavings (sample) up to 1 mm thick are cut off from samples of fireproof wood dried to air-dry state (upon achievement of equilibrium moisture content). The number of test samples shall be determined by the method of greatest objectivity in accordance with GOST 18321. The total number of samples from all samples shall be not less than ten, and when impregnating single large-sized products (structures, products, etc.) shall be not less than ten from each product unit. As a rule, the samples shall be cut from different places of the construction or product.

The wood chip (sample) is placed in the flame of a match and held for 15 seconds. After the ignition time has elapsed, the time of independent combustion and smouldering of the wood chip is determined. The surface flame retardant treatment is considered to be of good quality and the flame retardant wood complies with Group II if, after removal of the source of fire, at least 90 % of the samples do not support self-ignition and smouldering.

Fire-retarded wood may be charred by local exposure to any source of fire, but the resulting flames must not spread across its surface and charring and decay must be limited to the point of application of the source of fire.

19
Performing fire protection work with KMD fireproofing plaster on concrete

1 Preparation of concrete surfaces to be flame retardant treated

The preparation of concrete surfaces to be flame retardant consists of the following steps:

  • inspection of surfaces;
  • cleaning of surfaces from dirt and defects;
  • surface treatment with a primer.

A surface inspection consists of a visual inspection of the quality of the surfaces (determining the degree of contamination of the surfaces and identifying defects in the surfaces) and a check of the operating conditions of the surfaces. The results of the inspection are summarised in a free-form report.

The surfaces are cleaned to remove dust, dirt, minor protruding irregularities and build-ups. The surfaces shall be cleaned manually or mechanically.

If coating defects are detected (except for minor protruding irregularities and encrustations), further fireproofing treatment of surfaces with the composition is only permitted after the defects have been remedied.

After cleaning, prime the concrete surface. The adhesive primer KMD-O-KONTAKT (reference page Fire protection product No. 6) by TU BY 691930249.001-2015 with an average consumption of 0.3-0.4 kg / m² is applied to the concrete surface. Apply KMD-O-KONTAKT primer in accordance with the Instructions for Use (ref. page RECOMMENDATIONS No. 22) of KMD-O-KONTAKT adhesion primer.

2 Preparation of mortar mixture

At manual application the mortar mixture shall be prepared immediately prior to application: the mortar mixture shall be poured into fresh water and thoroughly mixed to get the uniform plastic mass in the ratio from 1.31 l to 1.36 l of water per 1 kg of the composition.

Sustain the prepared mortar mixture after stirring for 2-3 minutes and use it within 30 minutes from the moment of preparation.

At application with the machine the mortar mixture is prepared automatically with the help of the equipment, designed for plaster application (plastering station). The mortar mixture is prepared according to the instructions of the equipment manufacturer.

3 Application of mortar mixture

Application of the mortar mixture shall be performed under the following conditions:

  • ambient temperature: at least 5 °C
  • temperature of the surface to be treated: at least 5 °C
  • relative humidity: 30÷80%

The surfaces to be treated must be protected against atmospheric precipitation during and after work on outdoor construction sites. No moisture, condensation, frost, snow or ice should be present on the surfaces to be treated.

The mortar mixture shall be applied manually or mechanically in layers.

The applied mortar mixture shall be allowed to be reinforced with fiberglass mesh (to be assembled after the first layer).

When applying by hand: the first layer is applied by screeding with a halter; the second, levelling layer with a halter is applied after the first layer has partially dried; the third, covering layer, is applied no more than 3 mm thick with final trowelling of the surface.

Average fireproofing thickness and theoretical consumption of the product

Flame retardant performance group of the flame retardant coating Average thickness of cured fire protection coating, mm Theoretical compound consumption excluding production losses, kg/m²
3 30 12,0
4 20 8,0
* – when processing 7-hollow prestressed prestressed floor slab PTM60.15.22-8.0S800-2.a according to STB 1383
** – when processing reinforced concrete ribbed slab 4PG6-3S800 P series 1.465.1-20 in accordance with STB 1383

Depending on the application method and the geometric parameters of the structure, the application loss of the mortar mixture can range from 5 to 50%.

Complete drying of the mortar mixture (under normal environmental conditions) occurs after 3 days. When the mortar mixture dries at lower temperatures and higher relative humidity, the drying time is extended.

The fire protection coating formed by the composition is repairable. In the event of damage to the integrity of the coating, caused by mechanical stress (chipping, scratches), it can be restored by applying a mortar mixture of the required thickness on the damaged areas.

After the mortar mixture dries, the flame retardant impregnation KMD-O-FINISH (reference page OGNEZASHIT material No. 6) according to TU BY 691930249.004-2016 is applied to the formed fireproof coating.

Instrumental control of the following environmental conditions shall be carried out prior to and during the application of the composition:

  • ambient air temperatures
  • relative humidity
  • the temperature of the surface to be treated

All measurements must be taken directly at the fire protection worksite. The results of the measurements must be recorded in the work log.

4 Quality control of the work carried out

Quality control of the work carried out to apply the mortar mixture and the thickness of the wet and dry fireproofing coating shall be carried out by the foreman, foreman, foreman or other responsible person in accordance with these Procedures.

Quality control of the fire-retardant coating applied shall be carried out visually and by instrumental method.

The appearance of the finished fire-retardant coating shall be visually inspected. The coating shall form a continuous surface without cracks.

The average thickness of the dry layer of the fire protection coating is checked. To do this, several holes are drilled into the fire protection coating to a depth equal to the thickness of the coating. The depth of the holes is checked with a depth gauge.

The areas to be measured are randomly selected and the following condition must be met: the sum of the monitored areas must be at least 5% of the total surface area of the flame retardant treated areas.

The averaged data obtained must comply with the values specified in the technical regulations. The thickness of the fire-retardant coating must comply with the design data.

The acceptance report shall be checked. The report must contain information about the place of work, the type of structures to be treated, the area of surfaces treated, the name of the fire retardant, its consumption, application technology, the contractor, and must be signed by the responsible persons who carried out the work and who performed the control.

20
Performing fire protection work with KMD flame retardant for cables

1 Preparation of surfaces to be flame retardant treated

Preparation of surfaces of cables/cable penetrations to be flame retardant treatment consists of the following steps:

  • surface inspection
  • cleaning of surfaces from contaminants

A surface inspection consists of a visual inspection of the quality of the surfaces (determining the degree of contamination of the surfaces and identifying defects in the surfaces) and a check of the operating conditions of the surfaces. The results of the inspection shall be recorded in a report in any form. The report shall be signed by the contractor and the customer (general contractor) of the fire protection works.

When cleaning the surfaces, dust and dirt shall be removed and, if possible, the surfaces shall be degreased. The surfaces shall be cleaned manually or mechanically.

Cable diameter control is performed by the procedure stated in clause 6.2.4.4 of STB 11.03.02.

2 Preparation of the composition for use

Before opening the container with the composition clean the lid of the container from contamination.

Thoroughly mix the composition to a homogeneous mass using an electric mixer with a speed not exceeding 400 rpm.

The composition may be reduced in viscosity by up to 10% distilled water.

3 Application of the compound

The mortar can be applied on pre-assembled cable/ conduit surfaces.

The compound must be applied under the following conditions:

  • ambient temperature: (+5) – (+50) °C
  • relative air humidity: not more than 90%

When working in outdoor areas, the surfaces to be treated must be protected from precipitation. Do not allow moisture, condensation, hoarfrost, snow, ice to accumulate on the surfaces to be treated.

During application and drying to avoid condensation the temperature of the treated surface should be at least 3°C above the dew point.

The composition is applied in layers by hand (brushes or rollers) or mechanized (airless spraying equipment).

Each coat is applied evenly with no drips or voids, carefully handling gaps and junctions between individual parts. The optimum thickness of the wet layer of the composition should be in the range 0,20-0,48 mm, which corresponds to 0,13-0,31 mm of the dry layer. It is recommended to check the wet film thickness with an uncured thickness gauge. The recommended number of coating layers is 4.

Drying times between coats

Ambient air temperature, °C Minimum intercoat drying time, min
(+5) – (+15) 40-22
(+15) – (+25) 22-15
(+25) – (+35) 15-10
(+35) – (+50) less than 10

The drying time of the composition before coating is at least the minimum intercoat drying time.

Total drying time of flame retardant coating formed by the composition, with a dry layer thickness of ~1 mm at ambient temperature of 20°C and relative air humidity of 60% – at least 30 days from the time of application.

Thickness of flame retardant coating and theoretical consumption of the product for cable treatment

Combustion limit of the cable product for group laying after treatment with the product Dry film thickness of the compound, mm Theoretical compound consumption, kg/m², without production losses
PPRP 1 – PPRP 3 0,8 – 1,2 1,53

Theoretical consumption of the product when treating cable penetrations (when treating elements of cable penetrations other than cables) is at least 1.53 km/m² (corresponds to a dry coating thickness of 0.8 mm).

Composition consumption when applied in building conditions (taking into account technological losses) may exceed the theoretical consumption of up to 50%.

When working and drying the composition it is necessary to exclude moisture on the treated surfaces.

Fire protection coating formed by the composition is repairable. In case of violation of coating integrity caused by mechanical impacts (chipping, scratches), it can be restored by applying the required thickness of the composition on the damaged places.

Before and during the application of the product, the following environmental conditions must be monitored by instrumental control:

  • ambient air temperatures
  • relative humidity
  • the temperature of the surface to be treated

All measurements must be taken directly at the fire protection worksite. Measurement results must be recorded in the work log.

The tools used to apply the composition must be cleaned with water.

4 Quality Control

Quality control of work performed for application of the composition and thickness of the wet and dry fireproofing coating shall be carried out by the foreman, foreman, foreman or other responsible person in accordance with these Procedures.

Quality control of the fire-retardant coating applied shall be carried out visually and by instrumental method.

The appearance of the finished fire-retardant coating shall be visually inspected. The coating shall form a uniform surface without craters, pores or wrinkles.

Control measurements shall be made of the thickness of the dry layer of fire-retardant coating applied to the cable. Thickness control is carried out according to STB 11.03.02 clause 6.2.4.4. The control results shall comply with the requirements of the technological regulations.

Thickness control of the fire-retardant coating applied to the elements of the cable penetration (except for cable) is carried out by controlling the amount of the composition, consumed during this processing. The consumption of the composition shall comply with the requirements of the technological regulations.

Check the availability of the act of work performed. The report shall contain information about the place of work, the cable to be treated, the area of the treated surfaces, the name of the flame retardant, its consumption, application technology, the executing organization, and must be signed by the responsible persons who performed the work and who carried out the control.

21
Work on the installation of cable penetrations

Procedure:

  • Remove all debris and foreign objects from the opening in the partition wall.
  • Apply KMD-O-CABEL compound to the slopes of the opening in the building envelope (reference page Fireproofing product No. 4).
  • The resulting fireproofing coating should be dried for at least 24 hours.
  • Place the first layer of cushions on the bottom of the opening.
  • Place the cushions with an overlap of at least 30 mm. It is recommended to press the cushions flat before placing them in the opening.
  • Place subsequent cushions according to the same order on top of the first layer
  • Fill the opening tightly with cushions
  • Apply the compound to the cable entry on both sides of the opening (perform this operation as type 3 cable entry)

Apply the compound to

  • External surfaces of the pads (overlapping the partition planes adjacent to the opening by 50-100 mm)
  • Cable protruding from the penetration by 100 mm

Cushion consumption per 1 m²:

  • for PTCP-1 pads – 100÷140 pcs. (depending on the density of pads laying)
  • For PTCP-2 pads – 50÷70 pcs. (depending on the pad density)

When constructing Type 1 and Type 2 cable penetrations, if necessary (for vandal-proof purposes), it is allowed to install a metal mesh netting over the opening in the enclosing structure (on one or both sides of the opening). The dimensions of the mesh must exceed the dimensions of the opening. The meshwork shall be attached to the fencing structure using fasteners (type and number of fasteners shall be determined based on the material of the fencing structure). The mesh can be fixed to the building with or without a gap

22
Instructions for use of adhesion primer KMD-O-KONTACT

1 Preparation of metal surfaces to be primed

The preparation of metal surfaces to be primed consists of a surface inspection and subsequent cleaning of surfaces and removal of defects.

The certification of surfaces consists of a visual inspection of their quality (to determine the degree of contamination of surfaces and identify defects on the surfaces) and to check the conditions of use of the surfaces. The results of the inspection shall be recorded in any form.

The surfaces are cleaned by removing dust, dirt, rust, scale, degrease the surfaces. The surfaces shall be cleaned manually or mechanically.

2 Preparation of primer mortar mixture

If applied manually the mortar primer mixture is prepared as follows: the primer is poured into the clean water poured into the clean container, and thoroughly mixed until the homogeneous plastic mass. The mixing ratio is 1.30 to 1.35 l of water per 1 kg of primer.

Sustain the prepared mortar mixture after stirring for 2-3 minutes and use it within 30 minutes from the moment of preparation.

At the mechanized application the mortar mixture is prepared automatically with the help of the equipment designed for plaster application (plastering station). The mortar mixture is prepared according to the instructions of the equipment manufacturer.

3 Primer mortar application

Primer mortar mixture is applied manually or mechanically.

At manual application the mortar primer mixture is applied by brush or roller.

When applied mechanically, the mortar primer mixture is applied using the equipment designed for plastering (plastering station). Use the plastering station in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

Apply the primer to the substrate in one layer.

The recommended consumption of the primer (dry mixture) is 0.5 kg/m².

The primer coat must be dried naturally within 1 day (under normal environmental conditions). Drying in conditions of lower temperatures and higher relative humidity increases the drying time. After drying, the priming coat is ready for application of the coating material.

Clean the tools and appliances used to prepare and apply the primer mortar with water.

23
Performance of work with KMD-O-FINISH hardening impregnation

1 Surface preparation of flame retardant coatings to be impregnated

Preparation of the surface of the fireproofing coating to be impregnated consists of the removal of dust, dirt, grease and oil from the surface.

Cracked fire protection coatings must first be repaired in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturer of the fire protection agent from which the coating is formed.

Surfaces must be cleaned manually or mechanically to prevent damage to the fire-retardant coating.

2 Preparation of the impregnation for use

Before opening the container with impregnation, the lid of the container must be cleaned of impurities.

Carefully mix the impregnation until a homogeneous mass is obtained, using an electric mixer at a maximum speed of 400 rpm.

3 Application of impregnation

The impregnation may be applied to prepared surfaces of fire-retardant coatings made of fire-retardant plasters.

The impregnation must be applied under the following conditions:

  • ambient air temperature: (+5)°C – (+50)°C
  • relative air humidity: not more than 90%
  • temperature of the treated surface: (+5)°C – (+50)°C

When working in outdoor areas, the surfaces to be treated must be protected from precipitation. The surfaces to be treated must not be exposed to moisture, condensation, frost, snow or ice.

The impregnation should be applied manually (with brushes or rollers) or mechanically.

Recommended impregnation consumption without production losses is 0.5 kg/m².

Drying time of the applied impregnation to a grade 3 at (20±2) ° C – at least 3 hours.

Instrumental control of the following environmental conditions must be carried out before and during the impregnation process:

  • ambient air temperature
  • relative air humidity
  • surface temperature

All measurements must be taken directly at the place of work. The results of the measurements must be recorded in the work log.

Clean the tools used to apply the composition with water.

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